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How to install CrowdSec Firewall Bouncer on FreeBSD

· 3 min read

This tutorial will give you all the needed configuration steps to have an up and running firewall protection with Crowdsec Agent on FreeBSD systems.

Packages installation#

  • Update the current package database and install the following packages. Make sure your systems is configured with a FreeBSD official repository either latest or quaterly
pkg -vvv|awk '/Repositories:/,/}/'Repositories:  FreeBSD: {     url             : "pkg+",    enabled         : yes,...

You can edit the repository config file by editing /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf. By default, it should have been setup correctly during the OS installation.

sudo pkg updatesudo pkg install crowdsec crowdsec-firewall-bouncer

Firewall Configuration#

  • The FreeBSD firewall pf is not loaded by default, you need to load the kernel module:
sudo kldload pf
  • Enable it in your /etc/rc.conf permanently:

In order to be able to block and drop traffic, you need to append this minimal /etc/pf.conf configuration in your pf rules:

# create crowdsec tabletable <crowdsec-blacklists> persist
# create crowdsec6 tabletable <crowdsec6-blacklists> persist
block drop in quick from <crowdsec-blacklists> to anyblock drop in quick from <crowdsec6-blacklists> to any

For more details on the firewall configuration, you could refer to the pf.conf(5) man pages.

  • Reload the rules and check config
sudo pfctl -f /etc/pf.confsudo pfctl -srsudo service pf checksudo service pf status

Agent Configuration#

  • Copy the sample config:
sudo cp /usr/local/etc/crowdsec/config.yaml.sample /usr/local/etc/crowdsec/config.yaml

Review the YAML settings in the file and updates accordingly.

  • Enable it in your /etc/rc.conf:
crowdsec_enable="YES"crowdsec_config="/usr/local/etc/crowdsec/config.yaml"crowdsec_flags=" -info"
  • Start the service Crowdsec Agent
sudo service crowdsec startsudo service crowdsec status
  • List your current machine Agent settings
crowdsec-cli machines list------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME                                              IP ADDRESS  LAST UPDATE           STATUS  VERSION         ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7fb0531dc09a40d288299c8377d6cfe5nJtGyC7TFsUR3XYZ   2021-07-22T09:41:47Z  ✔️       v1.1.1-freebsd -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Bouncer Configuration#

  • Copy the sample config
sudo cp /usr/local/etc/crowdsec-firewall-bouncer/crowdsec-firewall-bouncer.yaml.sample /usr/local/etc/crowdsec-firewall-bouncer/crowdsec-firewall-bouncer.yaml
  • Add the new bouncer and it will generate the token for <your_api_key> to use
crowdsec-cli bouncers add --name freebsd-pf-bouncer
  • Edit the YAML settings in the file. Make sure the bouncer backend mode is pf (automatically set at installation time). api_url and api_key are mandatory to be set.
api_url: http://localhost:8080/api_key: <your_api_key>
  • List your current bouncers config
$ crowdsec-cli bouncers list--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- NAME                IP ADDRESS  VALID  LAST API PULL         TYPE                       VERSION         --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- freebsd-pf-bouncer   ✔️      2021-07-22T09:59:33Z  crowdsec-firewall-bouncer  v0.0.13-freebsd ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Enable it in your /etc/rc.conf:
  • Start the service Crowdsec Firewall
sudo service crowdsec_firewall startsudo service crowdsec_firewall status

Scenarios, Parsers and Collections#

  • Use the following scenarios, parsers and collections from the Hub:
sudo crowdsec-cli scenarios install crowdsecurity/ssh-bfsudo crowdsec-cli parsers install crowdsecurity/sshd-logssudo crowdsec-cli parsers install crowdsecurity/syslog-logssudo crowdsec-cli collections install crowdsecurity/sshd 
  • Restart the crowdsec agent
sudo service crowdsec restart

You should now benefit from the Crowdsec signals from the community and your own and be protected against malevolant behaviour.